“A 3rd of our cows are dried up with out antibiotics”

“A 3rd of our cows are dried up with out antibiotics”

Two years in the past, Lilian and Patrick Gaillard systematically handled all their cows with an antibiotic on the dry interval. Like a big majority of breeders. “We used to do it out of behavior.say the 2 brothers, on the head of a herd of 55 dairy cows weighing 6,400 liters in Vercors blue AOP. As we had 100% of the cows cured utilizing a broad-spectrum antibiotic, we had by no means actually requested ourselves the query of training otherwise.. »

Within the Vercors blue AOP, the milk is thermized however the manufacturing course of imposes comparable constraints on the uncooked milk sectors by way of the standard of the milk delivered. © E. Bignon

Drying off is certainly the most effective time to deal with an contaminated cow, “ extra Though the antibiotic can treatment cows that arrive contaminated on the dry interval, it doesn’t shield towards new infections that will happen throughout the dry interval. Even when it stays within the udder for a very long time,” insists Samuel Bouchier, advisor to Adice Conseil levage.

Studying to do with out antibiotics on wholesome cows

“We weren’t conscious of this in any respect.admit the breeders. We knew it was doable to make use of plugs for cows that did not have a number of cells, however we had by no means taken the plunge. We most well-liked to play it secure reasonably than danger taking a card that might value us dearly. » The companions needed to combine a examine proposed by their adviser to replicate on selective therapy at drying off, to experiment with it, and to comprehend that they may do with out antibiotics on wholesome cows.

Lowering antibiotics is within the air, they proceed. After which, if the shutters make it doable to restrict new infections, we can have extra probability of pocketing the bonus of 10 euros per 1,000 liters paid when the milk doesn’t exceed 100,000 cells per milliliter on a month-to-month common. »

The set up of the shutter used doesn’t pose any specific problem. Breeders guarantee impeccable hygiene throughout software. © E. Bignon

As a part of the examine carried out for the 12 months 2021, solely cows with greater than 100,000 cells acquired an antibiotic on the dry interval. Obturator, then again, was administered to all cows. “It is very important have a easy protocol to win the help of breeders”, considers Samuel Bouchier. Beforehand, a analysis had dominated that the Gaec was “suitable selective drying off”, that’s to say with none prohibitive danger issue on the housing and administration of the herd.

No new infections at calving

The outcomes of this primary 12 months are encouraging. Of the 37 dry-offs carried out, 13 have been accomplished with out antibiotics, solely with the obturator. Nevertheless, 100% of the cows confirmed lower than 300,000 cells on the first test and 89% lower than 100,000. Regardless of a decrease common cell fee and a barely increased variety of mastitis in 2021, there was no no new infections (in comparison with 13% in 2020, with three “millionaire” cows). As for the treatment fee(1)it remained secure with 100% of cows cured at calving.

“Technically, we noticed that we may get by with out systematic antibiotic therapy on the drying off,” says Patrick Gaillard. © E. Bignon

So, will the Gaec proceed on this path? ” Sure, technically we noticed we may get by with out antibioticsPatrick concedes. Even enhance the state of affairs by limiting new infections on wholesome cows because of the shutter. » Economically, its systematic use generates a further value, however “which needs to be put into perspective”, says Samuel Bouchier. For breeders, the reflection goes past the monetary stakes. “It is all about consciousness, Lillian concludes. I can not think about going again and treating cows that do not want it. »

(1) Proportion of animals with greater than 300,000 cells/ml on the dry interval which drop to lower than 300,000 cells/ml after calving.

Remedies are dearer, however…

Samuel Bouchier, from Adice Conseil levage. © E. Bignon

“I’m sure that the Gaec is there financially even when the price of therapy is dearer”, argues Samuel Bouchier, of Adice Conseil levage. By evaluating the all-antibiotic technique (€11.60/DV) with that of selective therapy with stoppers (€10.60/DV) for all of the cows, to which antibiotics are added on two-thirds of the animals, the outcomes are seems to be unfavourable (€240). “However you additionally should take into consideration the actual fact that there have been no new infections at calving, which was not the case the 12 months earlier than when three ‘millionaire’ cows lowered the common cell rely of the herd for a number of months earlier than being reformed. »

With this protocol, breeders have probably received three reforms and the bonus of €10/1,000 l paid within the months when the common cell rely is beneath 100,000 cells/ml.

Key figures

302,000 l produced

41.3 VG and 34 TP

118,000 cells/ml on common

45% of milk at lower than 100,000 cells/ml

5 mastitis per 12 months

A examine on fifty farms in progress

A subject examine, piloted by the Livestock Institute, was carried out on a fifty farms in 2021. The protocol was the identical for all farms. All of the animals obtain an obturator and people with lower than 100,000 cells on the final management aren’t handled with antibiotics.

“Given the outcomes from the twenty farms that I adopted, the outcomes are passable”, says Samuel Bouchier, of Adice Conseil levage. Nearly all of the farms obtained encouraging outcomes with a lower within the variety of new infections and a stabilization of the therapeutic outcomes. It additionally emerges from the examine that this apply will not be essentially throughout the attain of all breeders. Some have given up as a consequence of lack of motivation or hygiene, or as a consequence of particular epidemiological conditions. Some additionally dry off their cows two months after the final management, which poses an issue as to the relevance of the cell rely taken into consideration.

Full outcomes are anticipated this fall.


In uncooked milk or in sectors such because the Vercors AOP utilizing thermised milk with constraints much like these of uncooked milk by way of milk high quality, the necessities by way of cell concentrations are excessive. Therefore the elevated significance of getting as many wholesome animals as doable at calving. ” The purpose right here is to have 95% of cows that reveal with lower than 300,000 cells “, factors out Samuel Bouchier, of Adice.

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