Ho Chi Minh Metropolis faces epidemic danger regardless of vaccine scarcity

Ho Chi Minh Metropolis faces epidemic danger regardless of vaccine scarcity

Ho Chi Minh Metropolis faces epidemic danger regardless of vaccine scarcity

The interruption in provide of two vaccines from the Expanded Nationwide Immunization Program, the measles vaccine (administered at 9 months) and the DTP vaccine (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus vaccine) may result in a danger of a measles epidemic along with the present illnesses similar to dengue fever and COVID-19.

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Scarcity of vaccine for the implementation of the Nationwide Expanded Program on Immunization.

In response to the Ho Chi Minh Metropolis Well being Division, town’s month-to-month demand for measles vaccine and DTP vaccine is greater than 8,000 doses of every vaccine. Nonetheless, the availability of those two vaccines from the Nationwide Expanded Immunization Program is presently interrupted. Though the well being sector has despatched official dispatches thrice (in June, August and September 2022) to request the Ministry of Well being to allocate these vaccines in a well timed method, to this point town has not no further supply of vaccine has been obtained.

In response to the necessities of the Nationwide Expanded Program on Immunization, measles vaccination protection should be a minimum of 95% amongst youngsters beneath one 12 months of age with a purpose to management the measles epidemic. In reality, as soon as each 4 years as a result of measles epidemics happen in cycles (in 2013-2014 then in 2018-2019). After two years of the COVID-19 pandemic, the measles vaccination charge in Ho Chi Minh Metropolis has been very low. Particularly, in August 2022, the speed of youngsters born in 2020 who obtained the second measles booster dose (at age 18 months) was solely 75.3% (19.7% under of the 95% goal), whereas for youngsters born in 2019, the measles double vaccination charge reached 83.6% (11.4% under the 95% goal).

As well as, prior to now, the speed of measles vaccination with the first dose for youngsters born in 2021 had not been reached because of the interruption of the measles vaccine supply, and reaching solely 79.9%. Thus, along with the standard 4-year cycle, prior to now 3 years (2019-2021), the share of youngsters vaccinated in opposition to measles has not been reached because of the influence of the COVID pandemic. -19 related to interruption of vaccine provide. This could result in a excessive danger of a measles outbreak.

Confronted with the non permanent interruption of vaccines in opposition to measles and DPT, the Municipal Well being Service has ordered the municipal well being providers and posts to take a sure variety of measures, particularly vaccination as quickly because the Nationwide Program vaccine is obtained. If mother and father are too nervous and need their youngsters to be vaccinated on time, mother and father are suggested to take their youngsters to vaccination facilities. For kids aged 12 months and older who haven’t been vaccinated in opposition to measles, the well being put up can prescribe MMR (measles – rubella prevention) vaccination within the Expanded Program on Immunization.

Together with vaccination, the Municipal Well being Service recommends that each one individuals take the initiative to take normal measures to forestall infectious illnesses similar to: washing palms commonly, particularly earlier than coming into contact with youngsters , actively put on a masks in case of respiratory signs, clear contact surfaces and above all preserve your private home clear.

Textual content and Picture: Quang Chau/CVN

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