Measles outbreaks in at the very least 21 African nations

Measles outbreaks in at the very least 21 African nations

The Weekly Bulletin on Epidemics and Different Emergencies of September 4, 2022 revealed by the Africa Workplace of the World Well being Group exhibits widespread transmission of measles in African nations with 18 nations reporting circumstances.

The nations affected are: Cameroon (2,882 circumstances and 51 deaths between January 1 and August 21, 2022), Ethiopia (7,519 circumstances and 52 deaths between January 1 and August 7, 2022), Guinea (21 914 circumstances and 33 deaths between January 1 and Might 27, 2022), Kenya (19 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and July 30, 2022), Liberia (5,923 circumstances and 71 deaths between January 1 and July 20, 2022), Mali (582 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and July 3, 2022), Mozambique (82,632 circumstances and 1,120 deaths between January 1 and April 17, 2022), Namibia (23 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and June 6, 2022), Niger (6,103 circumstances and 6 deaths between January 1 and April 17, 2022), the Central African Republic (1,122 circumstances and 1 dying between January 1 and July 24, 2022), the Republic of Congo (6,528 circumstances and 132 deaths between January 1 and June 12, 2022), the Democratic Republic of Congo (82,632 circumstances and 1,120 deaths between January 1 and June 17, 2022) , Senegal (326 ca s and no deaths between January 1 and August 28, 2022), Sierra Leone (407 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and June 12, 2022), South Sudan (538 circumstances and a couple of deaths between January 1 and June 17, 2022), Tanzania (223 circumstances and no deaths between June 30 and August 23, 2022), Chad (2,640 circumstances and 1 dying between January 1 and August 14, 2022) Zambia (438 circumstances and three dying between January 1 and June 17, 2022).

UNICEF reviews 6,034 circumstances and 685 deaths between April 10 and September 5, 2022 in Zimbabwe.

To this listing we should add Nigeria with greater than 1000 circumstances of measles recorded within the State of Sokoto originally of the yr 2022 (see the information 19096) and Sudan (see the information 19095).

Suggestion for the traveler in case of keep in an space the place the transmission of measles is documented:

These vaccination suggestions apply from the age of 6 months:

  • Infants aged 6 to 11 months : One dose of MMR vaccine, then 2 doses of MMR vaccine in keeping with the suggestions of the vaccination schedule in pressure (1 dose on the age of 12 months, then one dose between 16 and 18 months).
  • Kids from 12 months : A 1st dose of MMR vaccine on the age of 12 months and a 2nd dose between 16 and 18 months; this 2nd dose might be administered extra rapidly when travelling, respecting a minimal interval of 1 month between the two doses.
  • For the individuals born after 1980 and older than 12 months : Two doses in complete of MMR vaccine no matter immunization historical past for rubella and mumps and no matter historical past for the three illnesses [12,17]. Individuals beforehand vaccinated with 2 doses and whose 1st dose was administered earlier than the age of 12 months should obtain a third dose.
  • Folks born earlier than 1980 : Within the context of journey to endemic nations, it is strongly recommended that folks not protected in opposition to measles (no recognized historical past of measles or not beforehand vaccinated) obtain a dose of MMR vaccine earlier than departure.

Vaccination needs to be accomplished at the very least 15 days earlier than departure.

Sources: World Well being Group, United Nations Kids’s Fund


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